This is not good news for freelancers (“autónomos”) in Spain: their monthly social security tax will be increased during 2021. And suffering from a global pandemic that is generating devastating economic consequences seems not to be a problem, self-employed workers in the country will now start paying extra. And in this article we will show you how much.
Which tax is going to be raised?
Let’s start with the basics.
As we explained in our article regarding taxes for self-employed workers in Spain (which you can consult here for extra information), a freelancer in the country must pay, at the end of every single month, the social security tax.
This tax enables them to access the Spanish healthcare system and to enjoy a pension in the future, once they retire.
The amount to be paid is independent of the money generated or invoiced throughout the month: it’s a fixed tax.
How much was that tax up till now?
It depends. According to your particular situation, you will end up paying more or less. And, in fact, the amount to be paid is something that you can choose between certain limits.
This means that you will pay, each month, 30% of a salary base that is defined by the government. Hence, you can opt to:
- Pay using the minimum base, which is 944,40€; hence ending up with a social security tax of 283€ per month
- To pay using the maximum base, which is 4.070€; hence ending up with a social security tax of 1.221€ per month
But there are some exceptions. During the first year, for example, you just need to pay a flat fee of 60€ per month.
But this amount is going to be changed, and self-employed workers will start paying extra. Why?
It was during the year 2018 when the government agreed on a measure to raise the freelance tax progressively, and it did so through the Royal Decree 28/2018.
The thing is that when the agreement was reached, the Spanish economy was expanding (at around 3% per year); whereas now when this measure will be applied, the covid-19 crisis effects have left the Spanish economy in a downward spiral.
And that’s why this measure has been received as widely unpopular. Those self-employed workers who haven’t been forced to close down are on the brink of collapse. And this raise won’t help them in any way.
More precisely, this measure was destined to increase the 30% that is applied to the salary base (and what we have used in the prior section) to 31% in 2022.
During the last 3 months of 2020, this process had already started: the government started charging the increase that had not been charged from January to August of that same year.
The exact rates on the basis of professional contingencies increased from 30,1% to 30,3%. That is a 2,80€ increase per month for those freelancers using the minimum base; and a 12,20€ extra increase for the ones using the maximum base.
So apart from the increase we saw during the last quarter of 2020, from January 2021 onwards the freelance tax will keep increasing.
There will be a 0,3% increase in the tax rate used in January of this new year (reaching 30,6%). The exact amount to be paid with the lowest base will be 289€ per month (3€ increase), and using the maximum one, 1233,20€ (12€ increase).
Furthermore, the contribution rate for professional contingencies will be raised from the current 1,1% to 1,3%; and the percentage applicable for activity cessation will also be increased by 0.1% (until 0.9%).
Nevertheless, if you are still in your first year as a self-employed individual (hence paying the flat fee of 60€), this amount won’t be affected.
We are now starting to fully see the effects of the measure approved in 2018; a measure that, due to unfortunate pandemic delays, is coming into force during the worst time possible.
If you have any question regarding how to pay your freelance tax, or you have been charged extra and would like to claim your money back, our team of business and tax lawyers is at your complete disposal.
Book a consultation with one of our lawyers and solve all your doubts: