Are you planning to study in Spain? Then here you will learn everything you need to know. We will go over the whole process of getting a student visa in the Spanish territory. We will clearly define all the cases in which you need one and those in which it is not necessary. After reviewing all the documents and requirements, we will also explain all the possible options to work in Spain with a student residence permit. Are you ready?
What is a student visa?
The student visa is the residence authorization that allows non-EU citizens to stay in Spain while they take studies in public or private educational centers, conduct research in the country, or realize some kind of training.
More precisely, those willing to enroll in any professional training course, masters, postgraduate course, P.hD. or a bachelor’s degree in Spain will find that this permit is the right path for them.
It is really important to understand that this visa is geared to citizens from outside the European Union.
Furthermore, this is not a regular residence permit. The student visa is just an authorization to live in Spain while you study.
Do I need a student visa to study in Spain?
It depends. If you are a non-EU citizen the answer is simple: yes. If you are planning to study or conduct research in the country, you will need to apply for the stay authorization for study purposes.
Nevertheless, you can’t get a student visa if you are from the European Union. Basically because you don’t need one.
According to article number 44 from the Royal Decree 557/2011, all students coming fro the EU, EEA or Switzerland can stay in Spain while they study without a visa. This also applies to the relatives they bring with them after a joint application.
Types of student visas
There are two different types of student visas depending on the length of your course or studies:
- Short term student visa, the option designed for those studying from 91 to 180 days in the country.
- Long-term student visa, in case you are studying for more than 6 months in the country.
Bear in mind that no matter if you are a non-EU citizen or not, if your studies take less than 90 days you don’t need to apply for a student permit. Your tourist visa will be enough (in case you need one to enter the country).
How long is a student visa in Spain? Lenght and validity
In the previous section we have seen that according to the duration of your studies, you will apply for a short or long-term student visa.
Nevertheless, which is the length of the validity of the student visa?
Your visa expiration date and ending of your course won’t necessarily match.
With a long-term visa, was one year up till now. You could get your permit which allowed you to stay in the country for one year, and provided that you met the same requirements that were needed for the initial application, you could renew it year after year. Until you ended your studies.
Student visa for more than 1 year
Nevertheless, that situation has changed. Now you can request a student visa for two years. This means that if the course or training you are taking part in lasts 2 years, you won’t need to renew the visa in between or extend your stay.
Once the year comes to an end, you can renew your expired card without applying for a new visa. But you still have to renew it.
Student visa for one year or less
If your academic year lasts more than 6 months, you will be given a residence card. This basically means that you’ll find an extra step in the process, which is getting an appointment at the immigration office while in Spain to receive your residency card.
But if it is shorter than that, you will only get a stamp on your passport. Meaning that you won’t receive any physical card later on.
What happens if my course or studies are extended?
So let’s assume your studies finish in June, and hence your student visa is also valid until that month.
What can you do if your program is suddenly extended?
There is no problem. You can request a student visa extension at the police immigration office.
Application procedure step by step
Let’s now go through the main steps you will need to follow in order to obtain your student permit. We will analyze from where should you apply, the documents you must include, where to submit them, and requirements that you must meet.
Before starting with the actual application procedure it is crucial that you understand all the requirements that any foreigner wishing to attain a student visa must meet. Otherwise obtaining this permit is not possible:
- As we already mentioned, you can’t be a European Union Citizen in order to get this visa.
- Being in legal status in Spain and not having the entry forbidden to the country is necessary.
- You must possess sufficient economic funds in order to maintain yourself in the country for 1 or 2 years (depending on the length of your studies). How much should you demonstrate? A monthly 100% of the IPREM, which is about 600€ per month.
- Having a private or public medical insurance contract with full coverage in Spain. Learn more about the health insurance requirements here.
- You will have to be admitted to the course/university you are planning to study at. This means that before starting your application you must get your acceptance or admission letter from the learning course.
- Having clear criminal background records.
- For short-term study visas, you must also include round trip flight tickets from and to your country of origin. Don’t make any payment until your visa is issued.
- For higher-education studies such as a master’s or postgraduate degree, it is very likely that you will be asked for the homologation or validation of your university degree if you obtained it in your country of origin.
Where to submit your visa application
After the last change in the Spanish Immigration Law, you can now apply for your student visa from both your country of origin (at the Spanish consulate), or directly while in Spain with your tourist visa.
The application time must take place within 90 days before beginning your studies in Spain and no less than 30 days before.
Having this time frame in mind is essential.
In case you do it directly fro Spain, you will need to first get an appointment with your local Immigration Office, which you can find here.
Should I submit my documents in person or can someone else do it for me?
It is not 100% necessary that you submit the application personally. You can design a representative that does it for you through a notarized authorization letter.
For example, you can design one of our lawyers to do it for you in case you can’t yourself or don’t know how.
Nevertheless, it is not possible to do it via email. Someone must go to the consulate or immigration office in Spain for that.
So can I start the application for my Spanish student permit in Spain?
As we have just mentioned, yes. The Immigration Law made this possible this from the 4th of September 2018.
You can now enter Spain with your tourist visa, enroll in a course, and get your student visa. Without leaving the country.
That, of course, provided that you are not under an irregular status.
Nevertheless, you will need to register in any municipality, something that is called “empadronamiento”, which basically means registering at your city hall.
An important piece of advice: make sure that before entering the Spanish territory you have all the documents prepared.
Why? Because you need to submit them before the last 30 days in which you will enjoy a legal status in the country.
If you are under a tourist visa for 3 months that won’t be such a problem. But if the time you are granted is lower than that, you must hurry up.
Required documents for your application
Which are the documents you will need to submit in order to become a legal student in the country?
- If the student is below 18 years old and does not come accompanied by his or her parents, a legal authorization signed by them.
- Medical certificate demonstrating that the application does not suffer from any disease recognized by the International Health Regulation of 2005.
- Your passport and a copy.
- 3 ID photos.
- Documentation that accredits the possession of sufficient economic funds.
- The document that certifies how the academic institution in which you will be studying has accepted you and you have a spot for the next course.
- Model EX-00 filled out.
- Admission letter from your university or school.
- Specific information about your accommodation or the place you will be living exactly.
*Bear in mind that all the documents must be properly legalized and translated into Spanish.
Student visa processing time
The application is quite fasting. After submitting your application, you’ll get a response within 1 month.
Can you bring your relatives or family members with you?
Yes, there is the possibility to bring your family so they can accompany you during your student stay in Spain.
Who exactly can you bring?
Your spouse or registered civil partner and children who are below 18 years old.
How? Trough a joint application, including them when applying for your own student visa. Nevertheless, it is also possible to do it afterwards within the validity of your student visa.
You will be required to demonstrate the possession of an extra 75% of the IPREM for the first relative, and 50% more for any additional one. Furthermore, it is also necessary to submit documents that demonstrate the kinship relationship between student and relative.
The validity of their residence authorization will be linked to the one from the student, and they will be allowed to reside in the Spanish territory for the same time period as her.
Bear in mind that within that period, they won’t be allowed to work in the country.
Can you work on a student visa in Spain?
If you would like to know how to get a work permit in Spain as a student, you can find a complete guide here.
Nevertheless, we are going to briefly explain the basics in this article.
As a foreigner student in the Spanish territory, you have 3 main options in order to work in the country:
You can internship with a visa for students in Spain.
The total amount of hours you can do per week taking into consideration both hours you spend in class plus hours working is 40.
But if you just spend 5 hours per week in class you can’t work the remaining 35. Internship hours can reach a maximum of 20 per week.
In that sense, there are two types of internships.
- On the one hand, you find the curricular internship, the one related to your studies and many times compulsory. In that case, you will need a signed agreement between the academic institution in which you are studying and the company you will be working for. You cannot use the income you obtain here as a way to demonstrate the possession of sufficient economic funds to sustain your life in the country.
- On the other hand, you can have the extracurricular internship. Here things get a bit more complicated, as your employer will have to request an authorization to the corresponding Immigration Office.
After finishing 3 years of studying in the country and 60 days before the expiration of your student card, you will be able to modify to work permit as a self-employed or employee.
This basically means that you can jump from student visa to work permit easily:
- If you are going to work for someone (“por cuenta ajena”), you will need to find a job offer that enables you to work 40 hours per week for one year.
- If you are going to become a self-employed individual (“por cuenta propia), you will need to submit your business plan in which you detail the business idea you would like to execute.
Let’s suppose that you just studied for 1 or 2 years in the country, but want to stay in for the long-run. What can you do? As we’ve seen, a regular work permit won’t be possible, as you need a minimum of 3 years in Spain for that.
Well, you have another option.
After one year as a student in Spain, and provided that you find a highly qualified job offer, you can transition into a work permit as a skilled professional.
What is a highly qualified job position? One as a manager or any other technical position, earning a salary over 30.000€ per year.
Bear in mind that the permit will be associated to the company you will be working for, not to you.
This means that, if you would like to change your job position or company, you’ll need to apply again for this permit.
Student visa modification to search for a job
Finally, we find the case of those students who have been in Spain for just one year but who can’t get a job offer regarded as highly-qualified.
There is also a good solution for them.
At the end of 2018, a new law was approved in favor of foreign students.
For that, it is essential that your university is inside this list. This basically means that it is recognized by the government so you can apply for this visa extension.
If you would like to know more about this permit and how you can obtain it easily, you can click here now and access our article.
Get legal assistance obtaining your student residence permit
If you consider that doing all the required paperwork and submitting it to the competent authorities is something a bit complicated, don’t worry.
Our team of immigration lawyers is here to help you out.
We will manage the whole application procedure so you can get your residence authorization as a foreign student in the country. Furthermore, we will also apply for the residencies of your relatives, so you can come all together.
We will prepare, translate, legalize and submit all the documentation so you don’t need to worry about anything. Furthermore, we will advise you on how to work in the country while studying.