Everything you need to know about labor arraigo in this post! Discover the most important requirements you will have to meet, the documents that are required, and the legal application process explained step by step. In addition, we analyze the latest instruction of the Supreme Court that now allows many more foreigners to obtain this type of employment authorization, and how to get it without the need to denounce your employer. Everything below!


What is “arraigo laboral”?


Arraigo laboral is the residency due to exceptional circumstances granted to those foreigners who have been living in Spain continuously for 2 years (without a residence permit), and who can also prove that they have been working for the last 6 months in the country.

Traditionally, this residency was designed for foreigners who had worked illegally in the Spanish territory.

Thus, labor arraigo was created with the purpose of eradicating labor exploitation in the country. This type of arraigo was (and always has been) the reward granted by the immigration office for notifying the labor irregularity and denouncing the exploiter (the employer, who from then now be sanctioned).

But as we will see below, today the scope of application has changed to foreigners who have worked under a regular employment contract.

Overall, we are talking about a temporary residence card with a work permit.

That is to say, the foreigner who obtains the “arraigo laboral” can not only live legally in Spain for one year, but can also work (both as an employee and as a self-employed individual).

Once this year is over, no type of arraigo can be renewed. In order to continue living in Spain, it will be necessary to modify to a regular residence card.


New instruction on labor arraigo


Until very recently, the arraigo laboral was not widely spread, and not too many foreigners used it.

In order to be able to apply for it, the foreigner had to legally report his employer against court (so that a labor inspection could be initiated and finally confirm that the employment relationship had indeed taken place illegally).

However, in 2021 the Supreme Court made a modification in the regulation related to the requirements for this residence authorization; making the process much easier today and with many more foreigners being able to benefit from it.

This modification favors all those foreigners who had worked legally in Spain with a residence card or during their stay in the country, but who lost their legal residence for whatever reason.

We are talking about:

In all these cases, if the foreigner can prove that she has worked for a minimum of 6 months, she will be able to obtain the arraigo laboral too.


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Requirements for labor arraigo


Below we analyze the list of specific requirements that you will have to meet in order to successfully apply for the arraigo laboral.

As you will see, many of them are common and shared with the other residence authorizations for exceptional circumstances (social and family arraigo).

What are these requirements?


General requirements


  • Not having criminal records in Spain or in any other country in which you have resided in tbe past 5 years (as well as in your country of origin)
  • You must be a non-EU citizen
  • Can’t have the entry prohibited to Spain
  • You must be under an irregular situation at the moment of your application (i.e. without a valid residence permit)

In addition to these 4, we also find 2 extra requirements with special relevance that define the labor arraigo procedure: the continuous residency in the country and the capacity to demonstrate your working relationship.

Let’s explore those 2.


Living continuously in Spain


It will be crucial to demonstrate that you have been living for a minimum of 2 years in Spain continuously.

This period of time must be immediately prior to the date of application (i.e., no time can pass in between).

In addition, the word continuous is of great importance here. That is because the period of residency (even though not with a legal card) must be without prolonged absences (although the regulations allow you to leave the country for a period of no more than 3 months in total during those 2 years).

How can you prove this permanence?

Basically through any official document issued by the public administration in which the issuance date and your name can be clearly identified

We are talking about documents issued by the city hall (such as the registration form or “empadronamiento”), by the health services (such as medical certificates from the social security), although invoices or money transfers would also be valid documents here.

The more documents you can provide, the better!

Nevertheless, if you do not meet this requirement, we have good news. The new immigration law is intended to create a new permit that would grant you residency provided that. you meet the 6 months’ working requirement, but without taking to account how many years you have been living in Spain.


Demonstrating your employment relationship


Finally, perhaps the most important requirement is to prove that you have been legally working for at least 6 months during these 2 years in Spain (prior to the application).

In this case, the contract will be valid whether it was part-time or full-time; although the minimum number of hours per week in order for the working relationship to be valid is 30 per week.

The contract is also valid if it was a 12 month contract, wherein the minimum number of hours per week is 15 per week. 

In the case of self-employment, one must present continuous activity of at least 6 months. 

Internships, however, would not be included here and are not be valid for this authorization.


How to prove the employment relationship


Since you have worked with a job contract, any valid type of proof is acceptable to demonstrate the labor relationship.

However, the most usual proof is the employment history report and your work contract.


How to apply for labor arraigo in Spain?


One of the main advantages of arraigo laboral is that it offers a simple and fast application, which does not require you to find an employment contract.

You have two different options to apply for this authorization:

  • The recommended one, which is by submitting all the documents online (you will need a digital certificate); a much faster and more convenient option (as the resolution is granted in a record time).
  • If you do not have a digital certificate, you can always make an appointment and go to the nearest immigration office.

Once you send all the documents, the immigration office has 3 months to issue a resolution. If after this period you do not receive any type of response, your application will be considered rejected by negative administrative silence.

Once you have your positive resolution, you must bring it to the closest immigration office to apply for your TIE (the physical residence card containing your NIE and type of residence).


Required documents


What documents must you include in your application? Basically, the following ones:

  • Form EX-10, which you can download here
  • Complete passport and copy
  • Criminal records certificate (legally translated and apostilled)
  • Documentation proving the existence of the employment relationship for at least 6 months and that you have lived in Spain for 2 years (see previous sections)
  • Payment of the corresponding fee, which is the 790-012

Differences between social and labor arraigo 


Given that both options are suitable for foreigners who have been living in Spain illegally for a certain amount of time, many people have doubts about the differences between social and labor arraigo.

And the truth is that they are completely different residence authorizations.

First of all, the arraigo social is granted to foreigners who have been living in Spain irregularly for 3 years (vs. the 2 years required for the arraigo laboral).

Another requirement that differentiates the two options is that the arraigo social requires demonstrating integration with Spanish society.

As we have seen, this is not something that the labor arraigo requires, although the need to demonstrate your working relationship for 6 months may be a disadvantage for many.

Finally, social arraigo requires finding an employer who is willing to hire us in order to successfully apply for residency


If you still have doubts and would like our team of expert immigration lawyers guide you step by step in order to successfully apply for your residency, do not hesitate to contact us!


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